Frank Henderson's Page on Liturgy and Medieval Women

Liturgical Time

The following outline suggests a plan for studying the visibility and participation of women in the medieval liturgy. The documents that I actually prepare may or may not correspond exactly to this outline, however.

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The Liturgical Year

  Basic Shape, Nature, Names
  Sundays, Seasons, “Ordinary Time”, Feasts
  The Variety of Women’s Experiences of the Liturgical Year
    Development, Regional differences
    Calendars and Lectionaries: Gallican, Celtic, Ambrosian, Aquilean, Beneventan, Roman
  Advent and Christmastide
    Women in scripture readings
    Biblical women in liturgical texts for Advent, Christmas, Innocents, Circumcision, Purification
      Sarah, Hannah, Elizabeth, Leah, Rachel, Anna, Sarah-T
    Girl abbesses on December 28
    Girls’ musical compositions on December 28
    Liturgical dramas
    Procession of women in Venice
  Lent and Eastertide
    Women in scripture readings
      Multiple systems of readings for the Thursdays of Lent
      The women who anointed Jesus
      The women at the tomb and afterward
    Relationship to the catechumenate and baptism
      The stational churches
    Biblical women in liturgical prayers
      Susanna, Eve, Miriam, Samaritan woman, Esther, Hannah, Esther, Judith, Hagar, Mary and Martha, Widow of S., Elizabeth
    Mandatum; the roayl maundy (see also chapter on queens)
    Veneration of the cross
    Passion plays; reading of the passion; the laments of Mary
    Blessing of cramp rings on Good Friday
    Liturgical dramas
  Rogation Days and Ember Days
    Procession and litany of saints
  After Epiphany and After Pentecost
    Women in scripture readings
    Biblical women in liturgical prayers
      Deborah, widow of S., Mary and Martha, Sarah, Miriam
  Feasts of Mary
    Women in scripture readings
    Biblical women in liturgical prayers: Eve
  Women Saints
    Calendar variations
      Calendars in communities of women
    Women in scripture readings
    Propers; texts
    Biblical women in liturgical prayers
    Commons of virgins, widows and holy women
    Patron saints
    Women as “weaker sex”
    In martyrologies
  Feasts of Male Saints and Other Feasts
    Women in scripture readings
    Biblical women in liturgical prayers
      Eve, mother of Maccabees, Tabitha, Elizabeth, Mary Magdalene, bride at Cana, Hagar, Rebecca, Rachel, Zipporah
    Texts used in communities of women
  Days of Rest
    For all; for women

Hours (Divine Office, Opus Dei)

  Basic Shape, Nature, Names
  The Variety of Women’s Experiences of Hours
    The communities that celebrated
      Parish, monastery cathedral, household, private, anchorhold
    The space in which they were celebrated
    The texts and rites used:
  Monastic and Cathedral Offices
  Hours in Monastic Rules for Women
    Merovingian; Gallican, Celtic
    Gilbertine, Rule of Our Saviour (Brigittine)
    St Radegund’s office
  Hours in Religious Rules for Men and Women
    Benedictine, Cistercian, Cluniac, Praemonstratensian
    Franciscan, Dominican
  Non-monastic Hours
    Ambrosian, Roman
  Other Hours
    Little hours
  Liturgical Books
    Brevaries, primers, psalters
    Women’s ownership


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